Law Enforcement in the Practice of Bribery in Business and Trade in Indonesia: Between Theory and Practice

Hartini Atikasari, Btari Amira, Ridwan Arifin

Abstract


Abstract: Abuse of power for the sake of business and trade profit has become an increasingly average occurrence in the practice of public procurement in this era of moral disruption. It is commonplace that government officials make an illicit arrangement with companies through bribery scheme to win tenders in the procurement of goods and services. This practice resulted in a shift of ideology and abuse of authority by government officials. This practice is contrary to the professional code of ethics, so it is necessary to settle such cases through juridical channels. The intervention of public officials in determining the award of contracts of government projects to certain parties has resulted in a crisis of public trust in law enforcement in Indonesia. This article reviews the basic principles of the criminal act of corruption and the commitment and integrity of government officials in implementing the professional code of ethics, and upholding honesty in order to achieve equitable law enforcement. This paper proves and confirms that the abuse of power by government officials for the sake of business profit in the public procurement has weakened Indonesia’s investment sector. In many cases, these activities may even lead to unfair competition in the trade and business sectors.

Abstrak: Memperdagangkan otoritas guna melancarkan praktik bisnis dan perdagangan merupakan hal yang banyak terjadi di era disrupsi moral ini. Para pejabat pemerintah sering kali bekerja sama dengan para pengusaha dengan cara membantu memberikan stimulus berupa kemenangan tender dalam pengadaan barang dan jasa. Praktik tersebut mengakibatkan terjadinya penyalahgunaan wewenang oleh para pejabat pemerintah. Hal ini bertentangan dengan kode etik profesi, sehingga diperlukan penyelesaian perkara melalui jalur yuridis. Adanya intervensi pejabat publik dalam penetapan pihak yang menangani proyek pemerintah menyebabkan terjadinya krisis kepercayaan publik terhadap penegakan hukum di Indonesia. Artikel ini menelaah ulang dasar pokok aturan-aturan tentang tindak pidana korupsi serta bagaimana komitmen dan integritas para pejabat pemerintah dalam melaksanakan kode etik profesi, menjunjung tinggi kejujuran guna mewujudkan penegakan hukum yang adil. Tulisan ini membuktikan dan menegaskan bahwa perdagangan otoritas dalam praktik bisnis melemahkan sektor investasi Indonesia. Pada banyak kasus, kegiatan ini bahkan cenderung memperkuat kondisi persaingan tidak sehat dalam sektor perdagangan dan bisnis.


Keywords


trading authority; corruption; bureaucracy; business; bribery

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adiyatma, Septhian Eka, Ridwan Arifin, Raden Muhammad Arvy Ilyasa, Anis Widyawati, and Rasdi Rasdi. “How Should Law Student Think in Criminal Cases?” Law Research Review Quarterly 6, no. 4 (November 24, 2020). https://doi.org/10.15294/lrrq.v6i4.42809.

Arief, Barda Nawawi. Masalah Penegakan Hukum dan Kebijakan Hukum Pidana dalam Penanggulangan Kejahatan. Jakarta: Kencana, 2008.

Arifin, Ridwan. Hukum Internasional: Teori dan Berbagai Perkembangannya. Semarang: BPFH UNNES, 2020.

———. International Law Perspective on Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty in the Context of Assets Recovery. Semarang: BPFH UNNES, 2019.

Arifin, Ridwan, Hartini Atikasari, and Waspiah Waspiah. “The Intersection of Criminal Law, Technology and Business Commercial Law on Carding as Cyber Fraud.” Jurnal Hukum Novelty 11, no. 2 (August 17, 2020): p. 235–46. https://doi.org/10.26555/novelty.v11i2.a15700.

Bakar, Abu. “Restorasi Hukum di Indonesia.” Asy-Syir’ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari’ah dan Hukum 47, no. 2 (2013). https://doi.org/10.14421/asy-syir'ah.2013.%x.

“Bidang_pidana_suap.Pdf.” Accessed March 1, 2020. https://www.bphn.go.id/data/documents/bidang_pidana_suap.pdf.

Budianto, Agus. “Pembaharuan Kitab Hukum Dagang Indonesia: Antara Kodifikasi, Kompilasi dan Konsolidasi.” Asy-Syir’ah: Jurnal Ilmu Syari’ah dan Hukum 47, no. 2 (January 1, 2013). https://doi.org/10.14421/asy-syir'ah.2013.%x.

Davidson, Wallace N., Dan L. Worrell, and Chun I. Lee. “Stock Market Reactions to Announced Corporate Illegalities.” Journal of Business Ethics 13, no. 12 (December 1, 1994): p. 979–87. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00881667.

Diansyah, Febri, Emerson Yuntho, and Donal Fariz. Laporan Penelitian Pemberantasan Korupsi Melalui Fungsi Koordinasi dan Supervise KPK. Jakarta: Indonesia Corruption Watch, 2011.

Eleanora, Fransiska Novita. “Pembuktian Unsur Sifat Melawan Hukum dalam Tindak Pidana Penyuapan.” Jurnal Ilmiah Hukum dan Dinamika Masyarakat 9, no. 2 (2012). http://jurnal.untagsmg.ac.id/index.php/hdm/article/view/310.

Gottschalk, Petter. The Convenience of White-Collar Crime in Business. New York: Springer Nature, 2020.

———. “Theory of Convenience: Determinants of White-Collar Crime Intention.” Deviant Behavior 41, no. 11 (November 1, 2020): p. 1431–39. https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2019.1624101.

Hartanti, Evi. Tindak Pidana Korupsi. Bandung: Sinar Grafika, 2007.

Hellman, Joel S., Geraint Jones, and Daniel Kaufmann. Seize the State, Seize the Day: State Capture, Corruption, and Influence in Transition. World Bank, World Bank Institute, Governance, Regulation, and Finance Division, and, Europe and Central Asia Region, Public Sector Group, and, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Office of the Chief Economist, 2004.

Ihsan, Faris. “Pencegahan Korupsi di Sektor Publik.” adoc.pub. Accessed March 1, 2015. https://adoc.pub/pencegahan-korupsi-di-sektor-publik-1-oleh-drs-faris-ihsan-m.html.

Indrayana, Denny. Indonesia Optimis. Jakarta: Bhuana Ilmu Populer, 2011.

KPK. Buku Saku Memahami Gratifikasi. Jakarta: Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi, 2014.

———. Memahami untuk Membasmi: Buku Panduan untuk Memahami Tindak Pidana Korupsi. Jakarta: Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi, 2012. https://acch.kpk.go.id/id/berkas/buku-antikorupsi.

Indonesian Criminal Code, Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana (KUHP).

Indonesia Jurnal. “KPK Ungkap Modus Baru Praktek Korupsi.” Accessed April 17, 2018. http://indonesiajurnal.com/kpk-ungkap-modus-baru-praktek-korupsi/.

Law Number 11 of 1980 concerning Criminal Bribey.

Mauro, Paolo. “Corruption and Growth.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics 110, no. 3 (August 1, 1995): p. 681–712. https://doi.org/10.2307/2946696.

McCarthy, Bill. “New Economics of Sociological Criminology.” Annual Review of Sociology 28, no. 1 (August 1, 2002): p. 417–42. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.soc.28.110601.140752.

Moody-Stuart, George. Grand Corruption. Oxford: WorldView Publications, 1997.

Mustofa, Muhammad. “Suap Menyuap dan Mafia Peradilan di Indonesia: Telaah Kriminologis.” Masalah-Masalah Hukum 42, no. 1 (January 22, 2013). https://doi.org/10.14710/mmh.42.1.2013.1-5.

Novel Baswedan. “Novel Baswedan: MENCEGAH SUAP,” June 27, 2013. http://novelbaswedan.blogspot.com/2013/06/mencegah-suap.html.

Saleh, K. Wantjik. Tindak Pidana. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia, 2002.

Saleh, Moh. “Pembatasan Hak Politik bagi Pelaku Tindak Pidana Korupsi di Indonesia.” In To Fulfill and To Protect: Membaca Kasus-Kasus Aktual tentang Hak Asasi Manusi. Yogyakarta: PUSHAM UII, 2012.

Shaomin, Li, and Ming Ouyang. “A Dynamic Modern Explain the Bribery Behavior of Firms.” International Journal of Management 24, no. 3 (2007).

Subinarto, Djoko. “Suap dan Pragmatisme Korporasi.” Pikiran Rakyat, January 12, 2017.

Sularso, Havid, Dwiwiyati Astogini, and Putri Saraswati Dewi. “Pencegahan Fraud Pengadaan Barang/Jasa dan Implikasinya Terhadap Kinerja Keuangan (Studi Pada Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah di Kabupaten Banyumas).” Sustainable Competitive Advantage (SCA) 5, no. 1 (2015). http://jp.feb.unsoed.ac.id/index.php/sca-1/article/view/643.

Utama, Paku. Memahami Asset Recovery and Gatekeeper. Jakarta: Indonesian Legal Roundtable, 2013.

Wedantha, I Gusti Agung Satria, Ari Atu Dewi, and Anak Agung Istri. “Penyuapan sebagai Bentuk Tindak Pidana Korupsi.” Kertha Wicara 4, no. 1 (September 2015).

Wijaya, Massulthan Rafi, and Ridwan Arifin. “Cyber Crime in International Legal Instrument: How Indonesia and International Deal with This Crime?” IJCLS (Indonesian Journal of Criminal Law Studies) 5, no. 1 (May 17, 2020): p. 63–74. https://doi.org/10.15294/ijcls.v5i1.23273.

Wijayanto, Ridwan Zachrie. Korupsi Mengorupsi Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama, 2009.

Wiranti, Yenni, and Ridwan Arifin. “Tantangan dan Permasalahan Penegakan Hukum Tindak Pidana Korupsi di Indonesia.” Kosmik Hukum 20, no. 1 (August 19, 2020): p. 45–55. https://doi.org/10.30595/kosmikhukum.v20i1.3822.

Wiyono, R. Pembahasan Undang-Undang Pemberantasan Tindak Pidana Korupsi. Sinar Grafika, 2012.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14421/asy-syir'ah.2020.54.2.319-339

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 147 times
PDF - 87 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Refrensi      : eztekno.com

Print ISSN    : 0854-8722

Online ISSN : 2443-0757

Indexed By :